Metformin is the first-line treatment of most type 2 diabetics. It works to prevent the liver from excess glucose and has a low risk of hypoglycaemia. Hypoglycaemia, or very low blood sugar, can cause symptoms such as sweating, nervousness, heart palpitations, weakness, intense hunger, tremors, and problems. to speak. Many patients lose weight by taking metformin, which is also useful for controlling glycaemia.
The latest diabetes statistics1 point to an increase in diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes cases. According to some estimates, diabetes has increased by more than 700 percent in the last 50 years! At least 29 million Americans are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, and another 86 million are pre-diabetic. What is hidden behind this smokescreen is that type 2 diabetes is completely erectable.
Over time, high blood sugar can lead to serious problems in the heart, eyes, kidneys, nerves, gums and teeth. You have a higher risk of type 2 diabetes if you are older, have obesity, have a history of diabetes or do not do diabetes. exercise. Having pre-diabetes also increases your risk. Pre-diabetes means that your blood sugar level is higher than normal, but not high enough to be called diabetes.
Wounds that heal badly and even gangrene are complications of diabetes that can occur in the feet. Amputation can be the result in severe cases. Type 2 diabetes is preventable in many patients. At the very least, it is possible to reduce the incidence of diabetes complications by adopting a healthy diet, exercising moderately and maintaining a healthy weight. It is also helpful for people at risk of being screened for diabetes and pre-diabetes, so that care can begin early in the illness.
It becomes more common among young adults and children. He is usually associated with being overweight and not very active. If you have type 2 diabetes, your body stops responding to insulin properly and you may also be at risk of not producing enough insulin. Insulin is a hormone a chemical made by your body that controls the amount of glucose in your blood. It helps glucose pass from your blood into your body's tissues - like your muscle cells - when you need some form of fast energy.
Insulin sensitivity is the key in this area. The goal of your pancreas is to produce the hormone insulin and to secrete it into your bloodstream, regulating your glucose levels to the levels your body needs to live. Chances are, if you have one or more of these risk factors, or if your blood sugar is high, you will be controlled for diabetes and insulin, either in pill form or by injection - and sometimes both.
Another Frontiers in Endocrinology article describes an intensive exercise program to prevent type 2 diabetes in people with risk factors. But: "You can not escape diabetes," says Lean. He says the evidence suggests that most people must lose more than 12 kg. But studies show dismal relapse rates 0.14% of the 120,000 US patients followed for seven years. Lean is more optimistic because his team is involved in a program called Counterweight Plus, a pilot study of which showed that one-third of people lost more than 12 kg.
The FDA has been cautious about approving drugs for use beyond specific disease states. However, the FDA is now considering approval of metformin for use in pre-diabetes. While doctors may already administer it at their own discretion, the ADA says the drug is currently underutilized as part of the treatment options. Ongoing monitoring of the Federal Government-funded Diabetes Prevention Program research study has shown that metformin has a long-term effect on the reduction of the cost of diabetes. type 2 diabetes, with great safety and low cost for the consumer. for pre-diabetes.
People with type 2 diabetes produce insulin, but their cells do not use it as well as they should. Doctors call this resistance to insulin. In the beginning, the pancreas produces more insulin to try to introduce glucose into the cells. But ultimately, he can not follow, and the sugar builds up in your blood instead. Usually, a combination of things causes type 2 diabetes, including: Genes. Scientists have found different DNA fragments that affect how your body makes insulin.
This is what happens to people with diabetes mellitus. There are two different types of diabetes mellitus. In type 1 dThe problem is that the pancreas an organ in the abdomen does not produce enough insulin. In type 2 diabetes mellitus, the pancreas does not produce enough insulin Figure 1, the body becomes resistant to normal or even high levels of insulin, or both . This causes high blood sugar blood sugar, which can cause problems if left untreated.
Some research shows that people with type 2 diabetes can die 10 years earlier than people without diabetes. Most sufferers die from secondary complications, such as kidney failure or heart disease. However, with good glycemic control and healthy lifestyle choices, complications can be avoided. What specialties do doctors treat type 2 diabetes? Eat to control your glycemia? Learn which foods are best for Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes and learn meal plans that can help you control your blood levels.
This will help diagnose complications from the beginning so that they can be treated. Being diagnosed with a long-term medical condition, such as diabetes, can be difficult to accept. It is important to discuss your feelings with your Diabetes Nurse or General Practitioner, as they may discuss your concerns. Visit the Diabetes UK website to find your local diabetes support group. Insulin can have a number of different side effects.
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