Type 2 diabetes formerly known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes is different. Unlike a person with type 1 diabetes, a person with type 2 diabetes still produces insulin, but the body does not respond normally. Glucose is less able to enter the cells and do its job of providing energy this is called insulin resistance. This causes an increase in blood sugar, which causes the pancreas to produce even more insulin.
People at risk must have a laboratory glucose test without using a portable blood glucose meter ordered by their doctor to check if they are diabetic. It is important not to wait for the symptoms to develop, as these may not appear until the glycemia is high enough. The fasting glycaemia test is the most common diagnostic test for diabetes. For this test, glucose levels in the blood are checked after a period of at least eight hours but not more than 16 hours.
This reduces the risk of long-term problems. For more information on diabetes, please consider the following: In this section you will find information about living with type 2 diabetes. You can learn through our online Diabetes Smart program or you can read the contents of this section. Click the image to download the book or collect a hard copy of your GP surgery. This comprehensive booklet contains everything you need to know about type 2 diabetes.
In China, for example, where white rice is a staple, the Shanghai Women's Health Survey found women whose diets had the glycemic index. Highest risk had an increased risk of type 2 diabetes of 21%. the diets had the lowest glycemic index. 23 Similar results have been reported in the Black Women's Health Study. More recent studies from Nurses Health Studies I and II and the Health Professional Follow-up Study suggest that whole grain versus white rice could be reduce the risk of diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes Versus Type 2 Diabetes - Physicians can usually tell if a person is type 1 or type 2, but there are situations where the diagnosis is difficult to diagnose. finish. In such cases, doctors often perform additional blood tests. A full discussion of the treatment of type 2 diabetes is available separately. Patient Education: Type 2 Diabetes Sugar: Treatment Beyond the Basics and Patient Education: Type 2 Diabetes Sugar: Insulin Treatment Beyond the Principles baseline and patient education: hypoglycaemia hypoglycaemia in diabetes mellitus Beyond the Basics.
When these problems come together, doctors call this syndrome metabolic. People with Metabolic Syndrome have a greater risk of developing heart disease, stroke and other health problemsh problems. Diabetes can also cause long-term complications, including heart disease, stroke, eye problems, kidney disease, nerve damage and disease. gums. Although these problems usually do not occur in children or adolescents with type 2 diabetes in recent years, they can affect them in adulthood, especially in adults. those whose diabetes has not been well controlled.
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This can happen even if the glucose level is not very high above the normal level. This can lead to some of the following complications often years after the start of diabetes: The type and severity of long-term complications vary from case to case. You can not develop it at all. In general, the more normal your glycaemia is, the less likely you are to develop complications. Your risk of developing complications is also reduced if you face other risk factors you may have, such as high blood pressure. Hypoglycaemia often called hypoglycaemia occurs when glucose levels become too low, usually below 4 mmol / L. People with diabetes who take insulin and / or some compresses against diabetes are at risk ofother complications.
After making healthy changes, many chose to talk about type 2 dangers. Actor Tom Hanks announced his diagnosis of type 2 diabetes in 2013, proving that his blood sugar level in the blood had been elevated for years before being diagnosed. It's possible that his yo-yo for Roles - he won 30 pounds to play Jimmy Dugan in a league of their own and later poured 50 to play Chuck Noland in Cast Away - could have increased his risk of blood sugar problems.
In the United States, Canada, and Europe, about 90% of people with diabetes have Type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease that requires regular follow-up. and a lifelong treatment. Treatment includes lifestyle changes, self-care measures, and sometimes medications. Fortunately, these treatments can keep glycaemia close to normal and minimize the risk of developing complications.
You will usually be offered an exam every three or four months to make sure your glymia is under control. Your doctor may suggest that you routinely perform blood tests for glycosylated hemoglobin HbA1C. HbA1C is a measure of how well you control your blood glucose level. The test involves taking blood from a vein in your arm or sometimes a drop of blood from your finger. You should also have regular eye exams, dental exams, foot checks, cholesterol tests, and blood pressure checks.
Watch a step by step guide on how to test your blood glucose levels. In order to perform a blood glucose test you will require your blood glucose meter, a test strip to hand, a lancing device…