"The diagnosis of diabetes is based on your symptoms and the results of your diabetes analyzes. blood. See Clinical presentation aSymptoms - Before being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, most people have no symptoms and in those with symptoms, the most common are: Laboratory Tests - Multiple Blood Tests Random Blood Glucose Test - For a random blood glucose test, you can have blood drawn at any time of day, no matter the last time you have eaten.
With type 1 diabetes, a person's pancreas does not produce insulin, but in the body's type 2 cells become insulin-resistant, a greater amount of insulin is necessary to maintain normal glycaemia. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of the disease - accounting for between 85 and 95 percent of all cases, according to Diabetes UK. It develops when the insulin-producing cells in the body are unable to produce enough insulin.
Your doctor may suggest insulin injections if lifestyle changes and medications do not control your blood sugar. You will usually need to inject insulin once or twice daily, using a small needle or a pen-type syringe with replaceable cartridges. You can be prescribed several different types of insulin. Some work faster than others and act for different durations. Your doctor or nurse will tell you which type is best for you.
Naveed Sattar, Professor of Metabolic Medicine at the University of Glasgow, said: This is a big problem because it shows that weight gain triggers diaband that people who lose enough weight can be without diabetes and do not need insulin. What we need to do now is to make sure this weight loss is sustainable in the long run, so we're doing a much bigger test to see if people can keep the weight off. it will not be for everyone.
The team is currently planning a study of more than two years involving 200 people from the University of Glasgow to verify that the results can be replicated and that the weight loss can be maintained for two years . "If you ask how much weight you have to lose to get rid of your diabetes, the answer is a gram. But this gram must be fat from the pancreas. Currently, the only way to do this is to restrict calories by any means, either diet or operation.
Over time, high blood sugar levels damage the blood vessels, which increases the risk of clot formation. This increases the risk of heart attack. People with diabetes are also at increased risk of stroke due to damage to the blood vessels. The risk of developing chronic kidney disease increases over time in people with diabetes. Diabetes is the most common cause of kidney failure, accounting for about 44% of cases.
Some infections and wounds that take a long time to heal are a warning sign. Other possible signs include frequent yeast infections or urinary tract infections and skin rashes. Some risk factors to lifestyle choices and medical conditions may increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. These include: Smoking Being overweight or obese, especially around pruningNo exerciseSummer a diet rich in processed meat, fat, sweets and red meat.
Triglycerides wrinkles at levels higher than 250 mg / dLLow of cholesterol HDL less than 35 mg / dL Some risk factors for diabetes can not be controlled. Hispanics, Amerindians, Asians and Afro-Americans have a higher than average risk of contracting diabetes. Having a family history parent or brother with diabetes increases your risk. People over 45 are at a higher risk of type 2 diabetes than younger people.
Type 2 Diabetes and Diet Beyond Basic Principles" and "Patient Education: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus" : Alcohol, exercise, and medical care beyond the basics. "Caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. See" Pathogenesis of Diabetes Sugar type 2 "and" Risk factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus ". Genetic causes - Many people with type 2 diabetes have type 2 diabetes or severe diabetes mellitus. other medical problems associated with diabetes, such as high levels of cholesterol, high blood pressure, or obesity.
Keeping your diabetes under control can reduce the risk of kidney failure. Medications are also used to reduce the risk of kidney disease in people with diabetes. Diabetic retinopathy is a lesion of the tiny blood vessels in the eye's retina because of a high glycemia over time. This can cause progressive and permanent vision loss. Diabetic retinopathy is the most common cause of celiac disease in people between 20 and 74 years old.
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