These pages deal with type 2 diabetes. Learn more about type 1 diabetes Another type of diabetes, known as gestational diabetes, occurs in some pregnant women and tends to go away. After birth. Symptoms of diabetes occur because lack of insulin means that glucose stays in the blood and is not used as fuel for energy. Your body is trying to reduce blood glucose levels by getting rid of excess glucose in your urine.
Damage to the retina may occur if small vessels in this layer of tissue become blocked or start to leak. Light does not pass through the retina properly, which can lead to vision loss. Nerve injuries in the feet may mean that small cuts are not felt or treated, which can lead to an ulcer of the foot. This happens to about 10% of people with diabetes. Glycaemia should be monitored regularly so that any problem can be detected and treated quickly.
The risk of developing the disease also increases drastically in people aged 45 and over, and after age 65, it increases exponentially. There has also been a worrying increase in the number of adolescents developing both pre-diabetes and diabetes. Weight has a lot to do with that. Of teens aged 12 to 19, about 1 in 5 are considered obese, and about 1 in 11 9.1 percent are considered to be obese. as having extreme obesity, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Renal Diseases.
The benefits of exercise on glycemia last between 48 and 72 hours, so it is important that you are physically active almost every day. Do people with type 2 diabetes need to take insulin? Insulin is only recommended for people with type 2 diabetes when they have not been able to get enough low blood sugar to prevent complications by other means . To avoid insulin, people with this condition should work very hard to follow a healthy diet plan that includes plenty of vegetables and lean protein, exercise every day and keep stress in perspective.
And some studies indicate that moderate consumption of alcohol decreases the risk of type 2 diabetes. 8, 46-51 If you already consume alcohol, the key is keep your intake at a moderate level, as higher amounts of alcohol may increase the risk of diabetes. 52 If you do not drink alcohol, there is no need to start - you can get the same benefits by losing weight, exercising more, and changing your eating habits.
He once again emphasizes the importance of being a healthy weight to reduce your risk of diabetes mellitus. type 2, as well as the potential for weight loss - ideally diet plan, but also, when that fails, through surgery - to reverse type 2 diabetes. But if a Gram of fat does not look like much, you have to lose a lot of body weight just to lose that little amount of fat in your pancreas.
Normal - Fasting blood glucose less than 100 mg / dL 5.55 mmol / The altered fasting glycerin is defined as fasting glycae between 100 and 125 mg / dL 5.6 to 6.9 mmol / L. Tolerance to impaired glucose is defined by a blood sugar level of 140 to 199 mg / dL two hours after an OGTT. People with 5.7 to 6.4 percent are at higher risk, although there is a growing risk continuum across the spectrum of levels of underdiagnosed A1C ticks.
Many are prescribed metformin - it is the most widely prescribed medication for diabetes under many brand names, including Glucophage - and helps control blood sugar levels. Metformin reduces glycaemia by reducing the amount of glucose produced by the liver and helping the body respond better to the insulin produced in the pancreas. The FDA has approved metformin for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, but not for pre-diabetes, which is a serious health problem but does not reach the level of blood sugar to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes.
This is Part 1 of the Video of the Voice Over PowerPoint Presentation on Diabetes Mellitus – Review. Reference – Lewis 9th Edition Medical Surgical Nursing.