Type 2 diabetes can affect everyone, regardless of age. The first symptoms of type 2 diabetes may be missed, so that those affected may not even know they have the disease. It is estimated that one in three people in the early stages of type 2 diabetes do not know it. Diabetes interferes with the body's ability to metabolize carbohydrates for energy, leading to high levels of blood sugar. These chronically high blood sugar levels increase the risk of developing serious health problems.
A higher percentage reflects higher levels of glycaemia. Pre-diabetes is defined as a reading of 5.7 to 6.4, while diabetes is diagnosed when glucose levels reach 6.5% or more. A fasting glucose test measures glycaemia at a given time. Typically, this test is done at the first hour in the morning before breakfast, after at least eight hours of eating. Normal reading is less than 100 milligrams per deciliter mg / dl.
What is the difference between type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes? Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the body does not produce insulin. The immune system destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children, adolescents and young adults. People with type 1 diabetes need insulin therapy for life. Diabetes type 2 is much more common.
But, it's important to remember that everyone has their own personal choices to make about how they choose to live with their diabetes. The other thing to remember is that with increasing knowledge about diabetes and increasingly sophisticated tools to treat diabetes, there has never been as much diabetes as now even if that does not seem the case. the moment!. At this time, you have never had a better opportunity to live a long, happy and healthy life.
It also improves the way your muscles use glucose. If metformin does not help you reach your target glycaemia, your doctor may prescribe a series of other medications instead. Sometimes you will need to take more than one of these medications at a time. These drugs include the following. For more information on type 2 diabetes medications, talk to your doctor or nurse who is a specialist in diabetes.
Learn more about type 2 diabetes and how it affects the body. Get the information and support you need in the first few weeks and months after your diagnosis. Stay one step ahead of your diabetes with these treatment strategies. Start here! This resource will give you the first steps to manage your type 2 diabetes. Learn how to test your glycemia glycaemia with the latest tools. With the right treatment and the recommended lifestyle changes, many people with diabetes can prevent or delay the onset of complications.
A slight hyperglycaemia usually causes no symptoms. But you may find that you are more thirsty than usual, urinate more often and feel tired as your blood glucose level continues to rise. If your blood sugar is not controlled properly and remains too high, it can cause a number of long-term problems. These include: Very rarely, if you have an infection or are dehydrated, your blood sugar can reach a dangerously high level.
If the blood vessels that feed the brain are affected, this can lead to a stroke. Excess glucose in the blood can damage the small blood vessels in the nerves, causing a tingling sensation or pain in the fingers, toes, and limbs. Nerves outside the central nervous system can also be damaged, which is called peripheral neuropathy. If the nerves of the gastrointestinal tract are affected this can cause vomiting, constipation and diarrhea.
Eating even smaller amounts of processed red meat each day - just two slices of bacon, a hot dog or whatever - increased the risk of diabetes by 51%. The good news from this study: Eat red meat or red meat processed for a healthier source of protein, such as nuts, lean dairy products, poultry or fish, or for whole grains reduces the risk of diabetes up to 35%. Unsurprisingly, the most significant reductions in risk came from the ditch of processed red meat.
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects your body's use of glucose a type of sugar you make from carbohydrates that you eat. Glucose is the fuel your cells need to do their job. You need glucose for energy. You also need insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas that helps glucose to enter your cells so that it can be converted to energy. Here's the problem: People with type 2 diabetes also known as diabetes mellitus can not use or store glucose properly, either because their cells are resistant, or, in some cases, are not enough.
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