You can think of insulin as the key that opens the cells and allows glucose ie, sugar to enter your cells. If your body is resistant to insulin, then all that sugar can not enter your cells and it builds up in the blood, causing high blood sugar. Diabetes is extremely common. In the United States, there are more than 25 million people with type 2 diabetes and 79 million people with pre-diabetes.
Diabetes UK predicts that if current trends continue, five million people will suffer from diabetes by 2025, a legacy of poor eating habits and lack of exercise. The disease was called "middle-aged diabetes" because it was associated with middle-aged and elderly people, but in the past 15 years she has been seen in children and in September a three-year-old girl was diagnosed. State, the youngest patient ever seen.
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease where the body's immune cells attack insulin-producing cells. As a result, people with type 1 diabetes can not produce insulin and need insulin injections to survive. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes and affects 85 to 90% of all people with diabetes. Although it usually affects mature adults, the youngest are now diagnosed in greater numbers as rates of obesity and overweight increase.
Living with diabetes is a challenge for everyone, but children and adolescents often have special problems to settle. Young children may not understand why blood tests and medications are needed. They might be scared, angry, and not cooperate. Teens may feel different from their peers and want a more spontaneous lifestyle than diabetes allows them. Even when they follow their treatment plan faithfully, they may feel frustrated if the natural changes in puberty make their diabetes more difficult to control.
Whole grains are also rich in vitamins, Essential phytochemicals and compounds that can help reduce the risk of diabetes. In contrast, white bread, white rice, mashed potatoes, donuts, bagels and many breakfast cereals have what is called a glycerol Raised and a glycemic load. This means that they cause sustained spikes in blood sugar and insulin, which can lead to an increased risk of diabetes.
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes are not always obvious and can take a long time to develop. Sometimes there are no symptoms. It is important to remember that not everyone who suffers from insulin resistance or type 2 diabetes develops these warning signs and all those with these symptoms my children are not necessarily diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Sometimes children and adolescents with type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance, or obesity can become ill. velopper thick, dark skin around the neck, armpits, groin, between the fingers and toes or on the elbows and knees. called acanthosis nigricans.
While glucose is designed to be used by your body for energy the regular sugar is 50 percent glucose, fructose breaks down into a variety of toxins that can destroy your health. The Fat Switch documents several of the bad effects of fructose such as: Legislators whose campaigns are underwritten by agribusiness use billions of taxpayer dollars to subsidize products that are the key ingredients of unhealthy foods like corn, soy and wheat.
If your blood sugar is 200 mg / dL 11.1 mmol / L or higher and you have symptoms of hyperglycaemia see "Symptoms" above , it is likely that you have diabetes. A fasting glycaemia test is a blood test done after eating or drinking for 8 to 12 hours usually during the night. A normal fasting blood glucose level is less than 100 mg / dL 5.55 mmol / L. - The "A1C" blood test measures your average blood glucose in the last two days The normal values for A1C are 4 to 5.6%.
If you are overweight or obese, this is the major symptom, but not everyone will be overweight. In fact, weight loss can be a symptom. Type 2 diabetes is a condition for the breakdown of glycaemia. In general, the glycemia is too high, but it can also be too weak. This can happen if you take medication, then skip a meal. Glycaemia can also increase very quickly after a high glycemic index meal, then fall a few hours later, falling into hypoglycemia low sugar levels in the blood. the blood.
Our cells rely on one single sugar, glucose, for most of their energy needs. This is why the body has complex mechanisms in place to ensure that glucose levels in the bloodstream do not go too low or go up too high. When you eat, most of the digestible carbohydrates are converted into glucose and quickly absorbed into the bloodstream. Any increase in glycaemia signals to the pancreas the production and liberation of insulin.
Handwritten Video Lectures on the pathophysiology, pathology, symptoms and treatment of Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 for USMLE Step 1 and Step 2.