Some people have to have two blood samples taken and they may be asked to come to dinner. It means not having anything to eat or drink, other than water, from midnight before the blood test. It is now recommended that the HbA1c blood test may also be used to diagnose type 2 diabetes. An HbA1c value of 48 mmol / mol 6.5% or higher is recommended as a blood level to diagnose diabetes. In many cases, type 2 diabetes is diagnosed during a routine medical examination or when tests are performed for an un pathological condition.
Type 2 diabetes has several causes: genetics and lifestyle are the most important. A combination of these factors can lead to insulin resistance, when your body does not use insulin as well as it should. Insulin resistance is the most common cause of type 2 diabetes. Genes play a role in type 2 diabetes, but lifestyle choices are Also important. You may, for example, have a genetic mutation that can make you vulnerable to type 2, but if you take good care of your body, you may not develop diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is also called non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus NIDDM because it can be treated with lifestyle modifications and / or types of diabetes mellitus. Other than insulin therapy. Type 2 diabetes is significantly more common than type 1 diabetes. The increase in glycemia observed in diabetes can potentially damage blood vessels, nerves and the organs of a person.
The same changes can also reduce the chances of developing a type 2 diabetes. heart disease and some cancers. Excess weight is the most important cause of type 2 diabetes. Being overweight increases the chances of developing type 2 diabetes seven times. Being obese makes you 20 to 40 times more likely to develop diabetes than a person with a healthy weight. 8 Losing weight can help if your weight is above the health weight range.
Even after the end of the program to promote lifestyle changes, the benefits have persisted: The risk of diabetes has been reduced, albeit to a lesser extent, on a period of 10 years. 11 Similar results have been observed in a Finnish study on weight loss, exercise and dietary change, and in a Chinese study on exercise and changes. food. 12-15 Making some lifestyle changes can dramatically reduce the chances of developing type 2 diabetes.
Some people also need to take medications for diabetes. NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases Diabetes Type 2 is a disorder that disrupts the way your body uses glucose sugar. All the cells in your body need sugar to function normally. The sugar gets into the cells with the help of a hormone called insulin. If there is not enough insulin or the body stops responding to insulin, sugar builds up in the blood.
This will help diagnose complications from the beginning so that they can be treated. Being diagnosed with a long-term medical condition, such as diabetes, can be difficult to accept. It is important to discuss your feelings with your Diabetes Nurse or General Practitioner, as they may discuss your concerns. Visit the Diabetes UK website to find your local diabetes support group. Insulin can have a number of different side effects.
The severity of diabetes can vary considerably: some people have only to make minor changes to their lifestyle after their diagnosis. Just losing a little weight and getting more exercise can be enough for them to manage their diabetes. Other people with type 2 diabetes need more permanent treatment such as taking tablets or insulin. It is therefore especially important to have a good understanding of the disease and to know what they can do to stay healthy.
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes are not always obvious and can take a long time to develop. Sometimes there are no symptoms. It is important to remember that not everyone who suffers from insulin resistance or type 2 diabetes develops these warning signs and all those with these symptoms my children are not necessarily diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Sometimes children and adolescents with type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance, or obesity can become ill. velopper thick, dark skin around the neck, armpits, groin, between the fingers and toes or on the elbows and knees. called acanthosis nigricans.
There are many types of diabetes, including gestational, type 1, and type 2 diabetes. Learn how to diagnose diabetes from a doctor in this health video.