This means that type 2 diabetes is a combination of inefficient insulin and not enough insulin. When people refer to type 2 diabetes as a progressive condition, they refer to the ongoing destruction of insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. In the beginning, type 2 diabetes can often be managed through a healthy diet and regular physical activity. Over time, most people with type 2 diabetes will also need compresses and many will likely need insulin.
These are called complications of diabetes. Research shows that type 2 diabetes can often be prevented or delayed with early lifestyle changes. However, there is no cure for type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes often has no symptoms. About half of people with type 2 diabetes have not yet been diagnosed. Even if the symptoms are present, they are often not recognized or are attributed to other reasons, such as being busy or "getting older".
Wounds that heal badly and even gangrene are complications of diabetes that can occur in the feet. Amputation can be the result in severe cases. Type 2 diabetes is preventable in many patients. At the very least, it is possible to reduce the incidence of diabetes complications by adopting a healthy diet, exercising moderately and maintaining a healthy weight. It is also helpful for people at risk of being screened for diabetes and pre-diabetes, so that care can begin early in the illness.
It is important to try to follow as healthy a lifestyle as possible if you are diabetic. This can help control your glucose levels and reduce the risk of developing complications. See if there are any type 2 diabetes education courses in your community - they are often run by local health authorities. These classes are designed to help you learn how to manage your diabetes and how to monitor your blood sugar levels yourself.
Extra weight. Overweight or obesity can lead to insulin resistance, especially if you carry your extra pounds in the middle. Now, type 2 diabetes affects children and adolescents as well as adults, mainly because of childhood obesity. Metabolic syndrome. People with insulin resistance often have a group of conditions including hyperglycaemia, excess fat around the waist, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia and triglyca wrinkles.
Another Frontiers in Endocrinology article describes an intensive exercise program to prevent type 2 diabetes in people with risk factors. But: "You can not escape diabetes," says Lean. He says the evidence suggests that most people must lose more than 12 kg. But studies show dismal relapse rates 0.14% of the 120,000 US patients followed for seven years. Lean is more optimistic because his team is involved in a program called Counterweight Plus, a pilot study of which showed that one-third of people lost more than 12 kg.
Your doctor may also suggest switching to insulin for your condition to be well controlled. Yes, if your blood sugar gets too high. Over time, high levels of glucose in the blood can damage nerves and blood vessels. This can affect your libido, and if you are a man, your ability to get an erection. If your diabetes is not managed properly, you may have higher levels of glycaemia than normal.
Because of this insulin resistance, the pancreas responds by producing larger and larger amounts of insulin, in an attempt to achieve some degree of management of glucose levels in the body. the blood. As overproduction of insulin occurs over a very long period, the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas wear out, so that by the time someone is diagnosed with diabetes of type 2, he lost 50 - 70% of his insulin-producing cells.