This form of the disease usually occurs in childhood, or before the age of 40 and is not to obesity. A well-known person with type 1 diabetes is Prime Minister Theresa May. She recently revealed that she had to inject insulin up to five times a day to manage her condition. While pregnant women can also suffer from gestational diabetes, when they produce too much blood sugar while carrying their baby to be born.
Type 2 diabetes develops primarily in people with diabetes. over 40 years old but can also occur in younger people. The number of people with type 2 diabetes is increasing in the UK, as it is more common in overweight or obese people. It also tends to run in families. It is about five times more common among South Asians and African-Caribeans often developing before the age of 40 in this group.
More than half of Americans of Asian descent and nearly half of Hispanic Americans with diabetes are undiagnosed. Health care experts say it's not easy to get people to change their behavior. "Tell people to lose weight does not give them enough information, it's not a message that helps and supports them," Albright said. To teach people how to change and maintain a new set of lifestyle habits, the CDC is also promoting its national diabetes prevention program, initiated in 2010.
Many people with type 2 diabetes will need to monitor carbohydrate intake and reduce calories. Monitoring the total consumption of fats and proteases is also recommended. Regular exercise, including walking, can help people with type 2 diabetes reduce their blood sugar. Physical activity also reduces body fat, lowers blood pressure and helps prevent cardiovascular disease. It is recommended that people with type 2 diabetes do 30 minutes of moderate exercise most of the time.
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This slows the progression of the disease and substantially improves the health risks of the person with type 2 diabetes. Some medications are used: It is important to know that with the time, all people with type 2 diabetes may need insulin. Your doctor should monitor your blood sugar and change your treatment if your medications are not working well enough. If type 2 diabetes was an infectious disease transmitted from one person to another, those responsible for public health would say that we are in the thick of it.
A higher percentage reflects higher levels of glycaemia. Pre-diabetes is defined as a reading of 5.7 to 6.4, while diabetes is diagnosed when glucose levels reach 6.5% or more. A fasting glucose test measures glycaemia at a given time. Typically, this test is done at the first hour in the morning before breakfast, after at least eight hours of eating. Normal reading is less than 100 milligrams per deciliter mg / dl.
Damage to the retina may occur if small vessels in this layer of tissue become blocked or start to leak. Light does not pass through the retina properly, which can lead to vision loss. Nerve injuries in the feet may mean that small cuts are not felt or treated, which can lead to an ulcer of the foot. This happens to about 10% of people with diabetes. Glycaemia should be monitored regularly so that any problem can be detected and treated quickly.
You take a positive and active approach to living with your diabetes can sometimes act to improve the health and happiness of your entire family group. You can make a very practical difference too. The skills you learn to manage your diabetes may be the skills that your children or other family members need to prevent them from developing type 2 diabetes. things you can do to help you cope with type 2 diabetes are.
Over time, high blood sugar can lead to serious problems in the heart, eyes, kidneys, nerves, gums and teeth. You have a higher risk of type 2 diabetes if you are older, have obesity, have a history of diabetes or do not do diabetes. exercise. Having pre-diabetes also increases your risk. Pre-diabetes means that your blood sugar level is higher than normal, but not high enough to be called diabetes.
An animation to explain the work of Diabetes UK. Diabetes UK the leading diabetes charity in England and the largest charitable funder of research in the UK, aims to change lives of people…