Damage to the retina may occur if small vessels in this layer of tissue become blocked or start to leak. Light does not pass through the retina properly, which can lead to vision loss. Nerve injuries in the feet may mean that small cuts are not felt or treated, which can lead to an ulcer of the foot. This happens to about 10% of people with diabetes. Glycaemia should be monitored regularly so that any problem can be detected and treated quickly.
In clinic, the first goal is to restore blood flow. However, this is associated with an explosion in the oxidation of cellular proteins and lipids. This oxidation improves cell death and participates in the so-called reperfusion injury. Nearly 30 million people are battling diabetes and every 23 seconds someone new is diagnosed. Diabetes causes more deaths per year than breast cancer and AIDS combined.
In addition, new evidence strongly supports that vitamin D is very beneficial not only in juvenile type 1 diabetes, but also in type 2.11,12 diabetics. other studies published between 1990 and 2009 have also revealed a significant link between high levels of vitamin D and a reduced risk of developing diabetes mellitus. type 2, as well as cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome.
Health study who drank two or more servings of fruit drinks a day had a risk of type 2 diabetes that was 31% higher than women who drank less one serving per month. How do sweet drinks cause this increased risk? Weight gain may explain the link: In the Nursing II Health Study and the Black Women's Health Study, women who increased their intake of sweetened beverages They carry more weight than women who reduce their consumption of sweetened beverages.
Instead, glucose accumulates in the blood, resulting in high glycemia. When your body can not use insulin properly, it's called insulin-resistance. Insulin resistance is responsible for most cases of type 2 diabetes. Scientists do not know why the body's cells become resistant to insulin, but it is clear that some factors Niques and lifestyle play a role. Here are the most common: Type 2 diabetes can sneak up on you.
Of the 85,000 registered nurses, 3,300 developed type 2 diabetes over a 16-year period. Women in the low risk group were 90% less likely to have developed diabetes than other women. A low risk meant a healthy weight body mass index below 25, a healthy diet, 30 minutes or moreexercise every day, no smoking, and having about three alcoholic beverages a week. Similar factors are at work in men. Data from the health professionals' follow-up study indicate that a "Western" diet, combined with a lack of physical activity and excess weight, is increasing. the risk of type 2 diabetes in men.
In the pancreas, this excess fat causes the failure of insulin-producing cells. The Counterpoint study, released in 2011, confirmed that if excessive dietary intake was drastically reduced by a very low-calorie diet, all these abnormal factors would be reversed. s. The study showed a profound drop in liver fat content leading to a normalization of hepatic insulin sensitivity within 7 days of starting a low-calorie diet. in people with type 2 diabetes.
Some type 2 diabetics will also need insulin, although this is less common. Those who have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes may need to take medication while living a healthier life. This medicine is designed to lower blood sugar levels, but can not cure the disease. Type 2 diabetes is an ascending disease that worsens over time, which means that some people will need more medication to control it as it progresses. evolution.
AFM is a fairly versatile technique and we see great potential for this technology for life science applications. It is still quite new in the Bio community, but very well accepted not only as imaging tools but as a versatile instrument for nanomechanical measurements. When a coronary artery is obstructed by an atheroma, the blood flow is decimated or even halted. This causes cardiac cell hypoxia associated with nutrient deprivation.
The severity of diabetes can vary considerably: some people have only to make minor changes to their lifestyle after their diagnosis. Just losing a little weight and getting more exercise can be enough for them to manage their diabetes. Other people with type 2 diabetes need more permanent treatment such as taking tablets or insulin. It is therefore especially important to have a good understanding of the disease and to know what they can do to stay healthy.
Dr VINEET SEHGAL.