Hyperglycaemia observed in diabetes can damage blood vessels, nerves and organs, leading to a number of potential complications. Here are some examples of complications caused by diabetes: An elevated and persistent gland may increase the risk of narrowing and blocking blood vessels by fatty plaques atherosclerosis. pink. This can disrupt the blood flow to the heart causing angina pectoris and, in some cases, a heart attack.
Unfortunately, if you live today in a developed country where food is plentiful and readily available, this big switch has lost its biological advantage and, instead of helping many people to live longer, it has lost Saves and kills them pre-maturely. You might be interested to know that death by sugar is not at all an exaggeration. The staggering amount of fructose in the standard American diet is a major factor in the rising rates of diabetes in this country.
Maintain glucose levels in the blood in the recommended range. You can help keep your blood glucose levels as close to normal as possible with: Hypocholesterolemic medications and insulin may also be needed to manage levels of glycemia. If you are taking tablets of diabetes or insulin, the recommended blood sugar is 6 to 8 mmol / L before meals, and 6 to 10 mmol / L two hours later. meal.
When these problems affect how your cells make and use insulin or glucose, a chain reaction can lead to diabetes. Beta cells broken. If the cells that produce insulin send the wrong dose of insulin at the wrong time, your blood sugar is eliminated. High glycemia can also damage these cells. Although some things make diabetes more likely, they will not give you the disease. But the more it applies to you, the higher your chances of getting it.
It can also be triggered when the insulin produced does not work properly. Usually, people with type 2 diabetes are diagnosed at age 40, but there are some exceptions. In people from South Asia, the disease may appear at the age of 25 years. The disease is becoming more and more common in children, adolescents of all ethnicities. Experts suggest that increasing rates of type 2 diabetes are due to the epidemic of obesity - a key cause of type 2 diabetes.
"The country needs to take this seriously, move it forward and make it a priority," said Ann Albright, PhD, RD, director of the CDC's Diabetes Translation Division. Too few people know or know they have it, and that's why we started the prevention program and partnered with other organizations, she said. Details Clara. This forces us all to take this condition seriously. Pre-diabetes is a condition in which a person's blood glucose sugar levels are higher than normal, but not yet high enough for a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes.
These are called complications of diabetes. Research shows that type 2 diabetes can often be prevented or delayed with early lifestyle changes. However, there is no cure for type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes often has no symptoms. About half of people with type 2 diabetes have not yet been diagnosed. Even if the symptoms are present, they are often not recognized or are attributed to other reasons, such as being busy or "getting older".
Type 2 diabetes is a progressive condition that can lead to heart disease. nerve damage, renal and celiac disease. However, it is possible to beat it in remission. The pancreas can start producing insulin, the hormone that regulates glucose levels in the blood. The liver can reaffirm itself as a glucose reservoir for the body and stop pumping the undesirable sugar. And many people who have taken tablets to control their type 2 diabetes can potentially throw them away.
Living with diabetes is a challenge for everyone, but children and adolescents often have special problems to settle. Young children may not understand why blood tests and medications are needed. They might be scared, angry, and not cooperate. Teens may feel different from their peers and want a more spontaneous lifestyle than diabetes allows them. Even when they follow their treatment plan faithfully, they may feel frustrated if the natural changes in puberty make their diabetes more difficult to control.
This can lead to a condition called hyperosmolar hyperglycemia. If this happens, you can become very dehydrated and lose consciousness. Although the risk of this disease is low, it is a medical emergency and you will have to be treated at the hospital. Your blood glucose level may become too weak hypoglycaemia if you do not eat enough carbohydrates when taking insulin or special medications called sulfonylureas eg, gliclazide.
Many are prescribed metformin - it is the most widely prescribed medication for diabetes under many brand names, including Glucophage - and helps control blood sugar levels. Metformin reduces glycaemia by reducing the amount of glucose produced by the liver and helping the body respond better to the insulin produced in the pancreas. The FDA has approved metformin for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, but not for pre-diabetes, which is a serious health problem but does not reach the level of blood sugar to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes.