Our cells rely on one single sugar, glucose, for most of their energy needs. This is why the body has complex mechanisms in place to ensure that glucose levels in the bloodstream do not go too low or go up too high. When you eat, most of the digestible carbohydrates are converted into glucose and quickly absorbed into the bloodstream. Any increase in glycaemia signals to the pancreas the production and liberation of insulin.
This is what happens to people with diabetes mellitus. There are two different types of diabetes mellitus. In type 1 dThe problem is that the pancreas an organ in the abdomen does not produce enough insulin. In type 2 diabetes mellitus, the pancreas does not produce enough insulin Figure 1, the body becomes resistant to normal or even high levels of insulin, or both . This causes high blood sugar blood sugar, which can cause problems if left untreated.
It is important to note that this is the natural progression of the disease, and taking tablets or insulin as soon as they are needed can lead to fewer long-term complications. Diabetes works in the family. If you have a family member with diabetes, you have a genetic disposition to the disease. While people may have a high genetic disposition to type 2 diabetes, the risk increases dramatically if people exhibit a number of modifiable lifestyle factors: high blood pressure overweight or obese, insufficient physical activity, unhealthy diet and the classic form of the apple.
Keeping your diabetes under control can reduce the risk of kidney failure. Medications are also used to reduce the risk of kidney disease in people with diabetes. Diabetic retinopathy is a lesion of the tiny blood vessels in the eye's retina because of a high glycemia over time. This can cause progressive and permanent vision loss. Diabetic retinopathy is the most common cause of celiac disease in people between 20 and 74 years old.
Other treatments include reducing blood pressure if it is high, lowering high cholesterol levels and also using other measures to reduce the risk of complications. Type 2 diabetes tends to progressively develop over weeks or months. Indeed, in type 2 diabetes, you still produce insulin unlike diabetes type 1. However, you develop diabetes because: Type 2 diabetes is much more common than type 1 diabetes.
Doctors often refer to pre-diabetes as either glucose intolerance IGT or fasting glyceride IFG, depending on the test used to detect the condition. The A1C test is the most commonly used to detect the condition because it is a blood test that provides information on a person's average levels of glycemia over the past 90 days. . To be pre diabetic, an individual should have an A1C result of 5.7% - 6.4%.
Your doctor will say that the purpose of taking these injections or pills is to lower your blood sugar. He can even explain to you that this is necessary because insulin regulation plays a vital role in your health and longevity. He could add that high glucose levels are not only symptoms of diabetes, but also heart disease, peripheral vascular disease, stroke, arterial hypertension, cancer and obesity.
Hi everyone! So this video shows you what I ate in a day and how it affected my blood sugars. I also talk about some of the affects of gestational diabetes on mother and child. I believe this…