Living with diabetes is a challenge for everyone, but children and adolescents often have special problems to settle. Young children may not understand why blood tests and medications are needed. They might be scared, angry, and not cooperate. Teens may feel different from their peers and want a more spontaneous lifestyle than diabetes allows them. Even when they follow their treatment plan faithfully, they may feel frustrated if the natural changes in puberty make their diabetes more difficult to control.
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease where the body's immune cells attack insulin-producing cells. As a result, people with type 1 diabetes can not produce insulin and need insulin injections to survive. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes and affects 85 to 90% of all people with diabetes. Although it usually affects mature adults, the youngest are now diagnosed in greater numbers as rates of obesity and overweight increase.
Not trying to reverse type 2 diabetes can lead to long-term complications, including the increased risk of heart disease. In addition, patients tend to live up to six years less than people without diabetes. Type 2 diabetes affects 3.2 million people in the UK. The NHS currently spends about £ 1bn a year, or £ 22m a day - on diabetes medications - and costs are rising around the world as the rates of diabetes and drug prices are rising.
A reading of 100 to 125 mg / dl indicates a pre-diabetes, and a reading of 126 mg / dl or more indicates diabetes. An oral glucose tolerance test measures your body's ability to manage glucose. It is mainly used to diagnose gestational diabetes. First, the blood is collected after a meal during the night. Then you drink a special solution of glucose and your blood is taken again two hours later.
Damage to the retina may occur if small vessels in this layer of tissue become blocked or start to leak. Light does not pass through the retina properly, which can lead to vision loss. Nerve injuries in the feet may mean that small cuts are not felt or treated, which can lead to an ulcer of the foot. This happens to about 10% of people with diabetes. Glycaemia should be monitored regularly so that any problem can be detected and treated quickly.
Normal HbA1c levels are 6% or less. HbA1c levels may be influenced by the use of insulin, kidney, glucose intake oral or intravenous or a combination of these and other factors. High levels of hemoglobin A1c in the blood increase the risk of microvascular complications, for example: Renal failure may occur as a result of an acute event or illness chronic. Prenatal renal failure is caused by blood loss, dehydration or medication.
The risk of developing the disease also increases drastically in people aged 45 and over, and after age 65, it increases exponentially. There has also been a worrying increase in the number of adolescents developing both pre-diabetes and diabetes. Weight has a lot to do with that. Of teens aged 12 to 19, about 1 in 5 are considered obese, and about 1 in 11 9.1 percent are considered to be obese. as having extreme obesity, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Renal Diseases.
Michelle (HCA) explains what is involved in an Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT). Remember to fast (water allowed) for around 12 hours before your appointment for the test! We try to ensure…