A higher percentage reflects higher levels of glycaemia. Pre-diabetes is defined as a reading of 5.7 to 6.4, while diabetes is diagnosed when glucose levels reach 6.5% or more. A fasting glucose test measures glycaemia at a given time. Typically, this test is done at the first hour in the morning before breakfast, after at least eight hours of eating. Normal reading is less than 100 milligrams per deciliter mg / dl.
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects your body's use of glucose a type of sugar you make from carbohydrates that you eat. Glucose is the fuel your cells need to do their job. You need glucose for energy. You also need insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas that helps glucose to enter your cells so that it can be converted to energy. Here's the problem: People with type 2 diabetes also known as diabetes mellitus can not use or store glucose properly, either because their cells are resistant, or, in some cases, are not enough.
The latest diabetes statistics1 point to an increase in diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes cases. According to some estimates, diabetes has increased by more than 700 percent in the last 50 years! At least 29 million Americans are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, and another 86 million are pre-diabetic. What is hidden behind this smokescreen is that type 2 diabetes is completely erectable.
Treatment involves lifestyle changes such as a healthy, balanced diet and regular physical exercise. If lifestyle changes are not enough to regulate glycaemia, antidiabetic medications in the form of compresses or injections may be prescribed. In some cases, people who have had type 2 diabetes for many years are prescribed insulin injections. Maintaining healthy blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels is essential to prevent the complications of type 2 diabetes.
Risk factors for type 2 diabetes may include: being overweight or obese, wearing excess fat around the abdomen, an inactive lifestyle, high blood triglycerides s a type of fat, low HDL cholesterol and / or high fasting glycaemia. Possible Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes: extreme hunger or hunger, frequent urination, unexplained weight loss, unusual tiredness, blurred vision, irritability, numbness or tingling in the hands or feet, healed slow rison cuts and bruises, frequent skin, gum, or bladder infections.
Antioxidants Because oxidation damage is thought to play a role in the development of diabetic retinopathy, antioxidant nutrients could be protective. A doctor administered a daily diet of 500 mcg of selenium, 800 IU of vitamin E, 10,000 IU of vitamin A and 1,000 mg of vitamin C for several years to 20 people with of diabetic retinopathy. Meanwhile, 19 of the 20 people showed improvement or no progression of their retinopathy.
While some research has shown the potential of low calorie diets to reverse Diabetes Type 2, we do not recommend it yet and everyone who thinks about it should talk to their generalist. The research is published online today in Diabetes Care and simultaneously it presents the results to the World Diabetes Congress in Vancouver. Diabetes Type 2 develops most often in people over 45 years of age but more and more adults are also devel oping it.
Matt’s Mates JDRF Houston Walk 2016.