What is the difference between type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes? Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the body does not produce insulin. The immune system destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children, adolescents and young adults. People with type 1 diabetes need insulin therapy for life. Diabetes type 2 is much more common.
Type 2 diabetes can affect everyone, regardless of age. The first symptoms of type 2 diabetes may be missed, so that those affected may not even know they have the disease. It is estimated that one in three people in the early stages of type 2 diabetes do not know it. Diabetes interferes with the body's ability to metabolize carbohydrates for energy, leading to high levels of blood sugar. These chronically high blood sugar levels increase the risk of developing serious health problems.
Dr. Rhonda Todd, MD, internal medicine, is doing her part to educate the pre-diabet. Based near Ann Arbor, Michigan, she tries to test as many patients as she can for pre-diabetes if they fit a risk profile, using the A1C test. Most private insurers cover the costs of an A1C test, just like Medicaid and Medicare when the patient has risk factors. Todd said she never had a problem getting an approved test.
Many are prescribed metformin - it is the most widely prescribed medication for diabetes under many brand names, including Glucophage - and helps control blood sugar levels. Metformin reduces glycaemia by reducing the amount of glucose produced by the liver and helping the body respond better to the insulin produced in the pancreas. The FDA has approved metformin for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, but not for pre-diabetes, which is a serious health problem but does not reach the level of blood sugar to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is a progressive condition that can lead to heart disease. nerve damage, renal and celiac disease. However, it is possible to beat it in remission. The pancreas can start producing insulin, the hormone that regulates glucose levels in the blood. The liver can reaffirm itself as a glucose reservoir for the body and stop pumping the undesirable sugar. And many people who have taken tablets to control their type 2 diabetes can potentially throw them away.
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes can be so mild that you do not notice them. In fact, about 8 million people do not know it. Your doctor can test your blood for signs of diabetes. Usually, the doctors will test you two different days to confirm the diagnosis. But if your blood sugar is very high or you have a lot of symptoms, a test may be enough. A1C: It's like an average of your blood sugar in the last 2 or 3 months.
You will need to check your glygen regularly. Ask your doctorHow often you should check it and what should your blood sugar be. Keeping your blood sugar as close to the target as possible will help prevent or delay diabetes- complications. Stress is a part of life, but it can make managing diabetes more difficult, including controlling your blood sugar levels and managing daily diabetes care. Regular physical activity, adequate sleep, and relaxation exercises can help.
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