A higher percentage reflects higher levels of glycaemia. Pre-diabetes is defined as a reading of 5.7 to 6.4, while diabetes is diagnosed when glucose levels reach 6.5% or more. A fasting glucose test measures glycaemia at a given time. Typically, this test is done at the first hour in the morning before breakfast, after at least eight hours of eating. Normal reading is less than 100 milligrams per deciliter mg / dl.
You will usually be offered an exam every three or four months to make sure your glymia is under control. Your doctor may suggest that you routinely perform blood tests for glycosylated hemoglobin HbA1C. HbA1C is a measure of how well you control your blood glucose level. The test involves taking blood from a vein in your arm or sometimes a drop of blood from your finger. You should also have regular eye exams, dental exams, foot checks, cholesterol tests, and blood pressure checks.
It is important to seek advice from your doctor or specialist. If you use insulin injections for diabetes, you may have swelling and bruising on and around the skin where you inject. You can also have a skin rash, but it's rare. Insulin can cause faster growth of fat around the injection site, causing lumps to accumulate under the skin. It is very important to change injection sites regularly to avoid the formation of these lumps.
This image shows masses of blood, or hemorrhages, in the retina. Tingling, numbness and a sensation of "tingling" are all symptoms of diabetic neuropathy or diabetic- nerve damage. This is most common in the hands, feet, fingers or toes. Diabetes control can help prevent this complication. Damage to the nerves caused by diabetes can make it difficult to feel foot injuries. At the same time, damage to the blood vessels can reduce circulation in the feet of people with diabetes.
This is not common with type 2 diabetes. It is more common in untreated type 1 diabetes when a very high level of sugar in the blood glucose can occur. develop quickly. However, a very high glucose level is developing in some people with untreated type 2 diabetes. High blood levels of glucose can cause lack of fluid in the body dehydration, drowsiness, and serious life-threatening illnesses. If your blood sugar is higher than normal over a long period of time, it can gradually damage your blood vessels.
Although there is currently no cure for type 2 diabetes, the disease can be treated by lifestyle changes and medications. Type 2 diabetes is progressive and needs to be managed effectively to prevent complications. If you have recently been diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes or have a family member with type 2 diabetes, see the Diabetes Management Information. There are many ways to donate to Diabetes Australia and support our cause.
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Fasting Glycemia: It measures your blood sugar on an empty stomach. You will not be able to eat or drink anything other than water for 8 hours before the test. Oral Glucose Tolerance Test OGTT: It checks your glycae before and 2 hours after drinking a sweet drink to see how your body handles sugar. Over time, hyperglycemia can damage and cause problems with your: The best way to avoid these complications is to manage your diabetes well.
But this is good news because we can now tell people that if they lose weight, they will get better. Being lighter also helps people become more physically active, which should also help keep the weight off, "said Dr. Alasdair Rankin, Director of Research at Diabetes UK, about the study of the link between diet and diabetes. an important link between the amount of fat in the pancreas and type 2 diabetes.
Metformin is the first-line treatment of most type 2 diabetics. It works to prevent the liver from excess glucose and has a low risk of hypoglycaemia. Hypoglycaemia, or very low blood sugar, can cause symptoms such as sweating, nervousness, heart palpitations, weakness, intense hunger, tremors, and problems. to speak. Many patients lose weight by taking metformin, which is also useful for controlling glycaemia.
Type 2 diabetes occurs most often in adulthood, resulting in After 30 to 40 years of age. However, a growing number of adolescents and children are developing type 2 diabetes. Some groups of people are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes: You may have had diabetes of type 2 for many years without knowing it. Everyone has no symptoms. Symptoms may include: If you have any of the above symptoms, discuss it with your doctor.
Most people think that only diabetics have elevated blood sugar levels. However, this is not true. Each person can suffer from this, and not to be aware and not notice of the damage nerves,…