If your blood sugar is 200 mg / dL 11.1 mmol / L or higher and you have symptoms of hyperglycaemia see "Symptoms" above , it is likely that you have diabetes. A fasting glycaemia test is a blood test done after eating or drinking for 8 to 12 hours usually during the night. A normal fasting blood glucose level is less than 100 mg / dL 5.55 mmol / L. - The "A1C" blood test measures your average blood glucose in the last two days The normal values for A1C are 4 to 5.6%.
Many are prescribed metformin - it is the most widely prescribed medication for diabetes under many brand names, including Glucophage - and helps control blood sugar levels. Metformin reduces glycaemia by reducing the amount of glucose produced by the liver and helping the body respond better to the insulin produced in the pancreas. The FDA has approved metformin for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, but not for pre-diabetes, which is a serious health problem but does not reach the level of blood sugar to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes.
Your "normal" gum will be specific to you, but a general guide for adults with type 2 diabetes is: Your doctor, your general practitioner or your doctor Your Diabetes Nurse will show you how to monitor your blood sugar and tell you how many times you need to check it. Your risk of developing type 2 diabetes can be increased by several factors. These include: If you do not have good control of your blood glucose level, it may become too high hyperglycaemia.
Choose whole grains and whole grain products rather than highly processed carbohydrates. There is convincing evidence that diets high in whole grains protect against diabetes, while diets rich in refined carbohydrates lead to increased risk 53. In the health studies of nurses I and II, for example, researchers examined the consumption of whole grains of over 160,000 women whose dietary and dietary habits were followed for 18 years. years.
The risk of developing the disease also increases drastically in people aged 45 and over, and after age 65, it increases exponentially. There has also been a worrying increase in the number of adolescents developing both pre-diabetes and diabetes. Weight has a lot to do with that. Of teens aged 12 to 19, about 1 in 5 are considered obese, and about 1 in 11 9.1 percent are considered to be obese. as having extreme obesity, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Renal Diseases.
You will usually be offered an exam every three or four months to make sure your glymia is under control. Your doctor may suggest that you routinely perform blood tests for glycosylated hemoglobin HbA1C. HbA1C is a measure of how well you control your blood glucose level. The test involves taking blood from a vein in your arm or sometimes a drop of blood from your finger. You should also have regular eye exams, dental exams, foot checks, cholesterol tests, and blood pressure checks.
If you suffer from this type of diabetes, the foods you eat should have a low glycemic load foods high in fiber, protein or fat such as vegetables and proteins. good quality like fish, chicken, beans and lentils. From this base, other types of nutritious foods such as fruits, whole grains, low fat dairy products and nuts should be added. Foods with a high glycemic index foods that increase glycaemia too fast are foods to avoid, such as foodssed foods, rich in carbohydrates, sugars, or animal fats.
This is not common with type 2 diabetes. It is more common in untreated type 1 diabetes when a very high level of sugar in the blood glucose can occur. develop quickly. However, a very high glucose level is developing in some people with untreated type 2 diabetes. High blood levels of glucose can cause lack of fluid in the body dehydration, drowsiness, and serious life-threatening illnesses. If your blood sugar is higher than normal over a long period of time, it can gradually damage your blood vessels.
Antioxidants Because oxidation damage is thought to play a role in the development of diabetic retinopathy, antioxidant nutrients could be protective. A doctor administered a daily diet of 500 mcg of selenium, 800 IU of vitamin E, 10,000 IU of vitamin A and 1,000 mg of vitamin C for several years to 20 people with of diabetic retinopathy. Meanwhile, 19 of the 20 people showed improvement or no progression of their retinopathy.
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