Diabetes is a problem with your body that causes higher glucose levels in the blood sugar than normal. This is also called hyperglycemia. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. If you have type 2 diabetes, your body does not use insulin properly. This is called insulin resistance. In the beginning, your pancreas makes extra insulin to make up for it. Over time, he is not able to follow and can not produce enough insulin to keep your blood glucose levels normal.
The same changes can also reduce the chances of developing a type 2 diabetes. heart disease and some cancers. Excess weight is the most important cause of type 2 diabetes. Being overweight increases the chances of developing type 2 diabetes seven times. Being obese makes you 20 to 40 times more likely to develop diabetes than a person with a healthy weight. 8 Losing weight can help if your weight is above the health weight range.
Mission Officer of the American Diabetes Association. The risks to health go beyond heart disease and stroke. As diabetes worsens over time, celiac disease, kidney disease and lower limb amputation are also major health risks. Diabetes was the seventh leading cause of death in the United States in 2015, according to the CDC. This population of "time bombs" is particularly alarming because in many cases, type 2 diabetes can be prevented simply by leading a healthy life.
If you suffer from this type of diabetes, the foods you eat should have a low glycemic load foods high in fiber, protein or fat such as vegetables and proteins. good quality like fish, chicken, beans and lentils. From this base, other types of nutritious foods such as fruits, whole grains, low fat dairy products and nuts should be added. Foods with a high glycemic index foods that increase glycaemia too fast are foods to avoid, such as foodssed foods, rich in carbohydrates, sugars, or animal fats.
Care During Pregnancy for Women with Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes Sugar" Beyond the Basics . Your health care provider is the best source of information for questions and concerns to your medical problem.This article will be updated as needed on our website www.uptodate.com/patients. Patients, as well as some articles written for health professionals, are also available, and some of the most relevant ones are listed below.
Type 2 diabetes often occurs in families. With type 2 diabetes, cells do not respond well to insulin insulin resistance and the pancreas does not produce enough insulin to meet the increased need for insulin. the body. If insulin can not do its job, the glucose channels do not open properly. Glucose accumulates in the blood instead of entering cells for energy. High levels of glycemia over time can cause damage to various parts of the body.
Each of these pathogenic mechanisms results from the overproduction of reactive oxygen species ROS at the cellular level. In short, excess glucose increases the amount of electrons that pass through mitochondria into endothelial cells, which in turn increases superoxide production a major ROS. The resulting oxidative stress contributes to the development of microvascular and macrovascular complications of diabetes.
Doctors often refer to pre-diabetes as either glucose intolerance IGT or fasting glyceride IFG, depending on the test used to detect the condition. The A1C test is the most commonly used to detect the condition because it is a blood test that provides information on a person's average levels of glycemia over the past 90 days. . To be pre diabetic, an individual should have an A1C result of 5.7% - 6.4%.
Stress is particularly worrying for people with diabetes. Stress not only increases blood pressure, but it can also increase blood glucose levels. Many people with diabetes find that relaxation techniques can help manage their condition. Examples are visualization, meditation or breathing exercises. Enjoying social support networks is also useful, such as talking with a parent or friend, a clergyman or a counselor.
Risk factors for type 2 diabetes may include: being overweight or obese, wearing excess fat around the abdomen, an inactive lifestyle, high blood triglycerides s a type of fat, low HDL cholesterol and / or high fasting glycaemia. Possible Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes: extreme hunger or hunger, frequent urination, unexplained weight loss, unusual tiredness, blurred vision, irritability, numbness or tingling in the hands or feet, healed slow rison cuts and bruises, frequent skin, gum, or bladder infections.
Heart and Stroke Clinical Update 2015 Concurrent Workshop F1-02 Managing Diabetes In 2015 – What to Add, When and Why Presented by: Maria Wolfs, MD, MHSc, FRCPC (see below) …