There is no cure for type 2 diabetes. But medications can help people normalize their blood sugar levels and it is crucial to take control of your blood sugar. to prevent or reduce complications. Without treatment, type 2 diabetes can wreak havoc, damaging the heart, blood vessels, nerves, kidneys, brain, eyes, feet, and skin. This increases the risk of heart attack and stroke. This can lead to kidney failure.
Some research shows that people with type 2 diabetes can die 10 years earlier than people without diabetes. Most sufferers die from secondary complications, such as kidney failure or heart disease. However, with good glycemic control and healthy lifestyle choices, complications can be avoided. What specialties do doctors treat type 2 diabetes? Eat to control your glycemia? Learn which foods are best for Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes and learn meal plans that can help you control your blood levels.
Pre-diabetes is diagnosed with an HbA1c level of 5.7% - 6.4% Non-diabetic need for medication. A healthy eating plan and exercise alone can be enough for the person to make significant changes to their lifestyle. Other signs, symptoms and complications may also require treatment. For example, nutritional deficiencies need to be corrected, heart or kidney disease must be treated, and vision needs to be checked for eye problems such as diabetic retinopathy.
This can lead to a condition called hyperosmolar hyperglycemia. If this happens, you can become very dehydrated and lose consciousness. Although the risk of this disease is low, it is a medical emergency and you will have to be treated at the hospital. Your blood glucose level may become too weak hypoglycaemia if you do not eat enough carbohydrates when taking insulin or special medications called sulfonylureas eg, gliclazide.
It is important to note that this is the natural progression of the disease, and taking tablets or insulin as soon as they are needed can lead to fewer long-term complications. Diabetes works in the family. If you have a family member with diabetes, you have a genetic disposition to the disease. While people may have a high genetic disposition to type 2 diabetes, the risk increases dramatically if people exhibit a number of modifiable lifestyle factors: high blood pressure overweight or obese, insufficient physical activity, unhealthy diet and the classic form of the apple.
Hyperglycaemia observed in diabetes can damage blood vessels, nerves and organs, leading to a number of potential complications. Here are some examples of complications caused by diabetes: An elevated and persistent gland may increase the risk of narrowing and blocking blood vessels by fatty plaques atherosclerosis. pink. This can disrupt the blood flow to the heart causing angina pectoris and, in some cases, a heart attack.
Living with diabetes is a challenge for everyone, but children and adolescents often have special problems to settle. Young children may not understand why blood tests and medications are needed. They might be scared, angry, and not cooperate. Teens may feel different from their peers and want a more spontaneous lifestyle than diabetes allows them. Even when they follow their treatment plan faithfully, they may feel frustrated if the natural changes in puberty make their diabetes more difficult to control.
The FDA has been cautious about approving drugs for use beyond specific disease states. However, the FDA is now considering approval of metformin for use in pre-diabetes. While doctors may already administer it at their own discretion, the ADA says the drug is currently underutilized as part of the treatment options. Ongoing monitoring of the Federal Government-funded Diabetes Prevention Program research study has shown that metformin has a long-term effect on the reduction of the cost of diabetes. type 2 diabetes, with great safety and low cost for the consumer. for pre-diabetes.
Skip the sweetened beverages and choose water, coffee or tea instead. Like refined cereals, sweetened beverages have a high glycemic load, and drinking more of this sweet substance is associated with an increased risk of diabetes. In the Nurses II Health Study, women who drank one or more sugary drinks a day had an 83% higher risk of Type 2 diabetes compared to women. who drank less than one sweet drink a month.
Even after the end of the program to promote lifestyle changes, the benefits have persisted: The risk of diabetes has been reduced, albeit to a lesser extent, on a period of 10 years. 11 Similar results have been observed in a Finnish study on weight loss, exercise and dietary change, and in a Chinese study on exercise and changes. food. 12-15 Making some lifestyle changes can dramatically reduce the chances of developing type 2 diabetes.
Not trying to reverse type 2 diabetes can lead to long-term complications, including the increased risk of heart disease. In addition, patients tend to live up to six years less than people without diabetes. Type 2 diabetes affects 3.2 million people in the UK. The NHS currently spends about £ 1bn a year, or £ 22m a day - on diabetes medications - and costs are rising around the world as the rates of diabetes and drug prices are rising.
GP Dr Michael Mosley was diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes four years ago and rather than start on medication – he invented the 5:2 diet – resulting in him losing weight and reversing his diabetes…