Diabetes mellitus - A person is considered diabetic if they have one or more of the following symptoms: Symptoms of diabetes see Above and a random blood glucose of 200 mg / dL 11.1 mmol / L or higher - A fasting blood sugar level of 126 mg / dL 7.0 mmol / L or higher A blood sugar of 200 mg / dL 11.1 mmol / L or more two hours after an OGTT must be repeated another day to confirm the diagnosis of diabetes.
It is estimated that there are approximately 940 000 people in England with type 2 diabetes who have not yet been diagnosed with this disease. As already mentioned, the symptoms of type 2 diabetes often appear gradually and can be quite vague at the beginning. Many people have diabetes for a long time before their diagnosis is made. The reason you make a lot of urine and thirst is because blood sugar glucose leaks into your urine, which draws extra water through the kidneys.
The risk of diabetes increases with age: from 2.5% among people aged 35 to 45 years to 23.6% among people over 75 years of age. Aboriginal people have one of the highest rates of type 2 diabetes in the world. Type 2 diabetes is sometimes described as a "lifestyle disease" because it is more common in people who do not get enough physical activity and who are overweight or obese. his. It is strongly associated with high blood pressure, hypercholesterolemia and a form of "apple", where excess weight is worn around the waist.
You will usually be offered an exam every three or four months to make sure your glymia is under control. Your doctor may suggest that you routinely perform blood tests for glycosylated hemoglobin HbA1C. HbA1C is a measure of how well you control your blood glucose level. The test involves taking blood from a vein in your arm or sometimes a drop of blood from your finger. You should also have regular eye exams, dental exams, foot checks, cholesterol tests, and blood pressure checks.
Whole grains are also rich in vitamins, Essential phytochemicals and compounds that can help reduce the risk of diabetes. In contrast, white bread, white rice, mashed potatoes, donuts, bagels and many breakfast cereals have what is called a glycerol Raised and a glycemic load. This means that they cause sustained spikes in blood sugar and insulin, which can lead to an increased risk of diabetes.
Many are prescribed metformin - it is the most widely prescribed medication for diabetes under many brand names, including Glucophage - and helps control blood sugar levels. Metformin reduces glycaemia by reducing the amount of glucose produced by the liver and helping the body respond better to the insulin produced in the pancreas. The FDA has approved metformin for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, but not for pre-diabetes, which is a serious health problem but does not reach the level of blood sugar to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes.
Some people also need to take medications for diabetes. NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases Diabetes Type 2 is a disorder that disrupts the way your body uses glucose sugar. All the cells in your body need sugar to function normally. The sugar gets into the cells with the help of a hormone called insulin. If there is not enough insulin or the body stops responding to insulin, sugar builds up in the blood.
Diabetes is a medical condition that has reached epic proportions in the United States. There are more than 25 million people living with diabetes according to …